Archive for the ‘Construction’ Category

How To Become A Heavy Equipment Operator}

December 19th, 2017

How to Become a Heavy Equipment Operator


Kris Koonar

Heavy equipment(HE) include machinery such as bulldozers, cranes, excavators, forklifts, etc., that are used for heavy-duty work. As these machines are of a large size and strength, the people who operate them must be well trained and highly skilled. The people who handle these equipments are called heavy equipment operators.

Heavy equipment operators operate, maintain, repair, and adjust the different types of expensive and heavy equipment usually used in construction. Generally, these operators specialize in equipments such as bulldozers, backhoes, graders, cranes, etc. It is a necessary requirement for HE operators to learn to control various types of gear, including pedals, levers, switches, hydraulic controls, turn dials, and various other devices present in this category.

A heavy equipment operator job includes the handling of mining equipment, excavation equipment, and material handling equipment, or road construction equipment to excavate, grade and landscape the earth, or to transport workers, materials and equipment. A career as a HE operator is not dull. It is a highly marketable trade, and a decent living can be made in this career.

Like in any other career, it requires a certain level of education and training provided in special schools.

A commercial driver license is a must for a HE operator. Usually, a high school diploma, or its equivalent, is also a requirement. Some amount of experience in truck driving, and familiarity with small construction machinery is also a necessity. Along with that, they also should have knowledge of the hazards, safety rules, and the required precautions for traffic laws. HE operators should also be able to work with a variety of people, be flexible in terms of additional training and responsibility, and be able to judge distances.

In America, some states require additional licenses for different pieces of equipment. For instance, a certified landfill operator license is required by Wisconsin, which has to be obtained within 6 months of being hired.

Most of the state community colleges and vocational schools offer certificates or degrees for heavy equipment operators. The training that is provided in these certification courses makes operators more competitive. Apprenticeships, which include training for periods of up to 3 years, which involve handling many more types of machines, also open up good job opportunities for operators.

The heavy equipment industry offers loads of job opportunities. They are:

a) Operators of crane-works

b) Heavy Construction Equipment Supervisors/Operators

c) Logging Machine Operators

d) Mining and Quarrying Supervisors

e) Public Works Maintenance Equipment Operators

f) Material Handlers

g) Backhoe Operators

h) Bulldozer Operators

i) Excavator Operators

j) Grader Operators

The certification in heavy equipment operation is awarded by the National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER). The 2005 Occupational Outlook Handbook states that the demand for construction equipment operators is expected to remain high right through to the year 2014. The handbook also specifies that candidates should gain practical experience, in addition to enrolling in training programs. It also reveals that the average salary of construction equipment operators is $17.00 per hour, but that highly skilled and experienced operators can earn over $29.34 per hour.

Finally, the people who opt for a career as HE operators and small earth moving contractors should have a sense of satisfaction. They are not only in a well-paid job with an excellent future, but they also are involved in supporting the country to solve the energy, environmental, and water problems.

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Why Having A Landscape Plan Is Crucial}

October 21st, 2017

Why Having a Landscape Plan Is Crucial


Carey Dodson

Most people would like to have a landscape that is beautiful to look at. But there are also functional components of the landscape that must be included in to any landscape planning. Having a drawn landscape plan should combine both of these elements, beauty and functionality, in order for it to be complete. It also says you construction time and helps with estimating materials as well. Plus, a good plan instills confidence to you, the owner, as to how it will look and feel prior to installation.

Site Inventory and Analysis

Before any plan can be drawn, you must have a plan drawn “to scale” of what you already have. In other words, your existing landscape plan needs to be drawn at a measurable scale like 1/4″=1′-0″. If you have a copy of a survey that was done when you purchased your home then you can use that as a base plan. If not, then use a 100′ tape measure and locate all existing elements such as your house, trees, bedding, water features, etc. Taking an inventory and analysis can is the foundation of having a great landscape plan. There may be items that you want to design around such as a specimen oak tree or an exquisite water feature. Here are some things to consider: What are the spaces going to be in my back yard? In other words, do I want to have an entertainment area(s) such as a deck or patio? How much space do I need to allocate for this in comparison to my overall square footage? What other activities will I be using the landscape for? Will there be games played such as croquet, horse shoes or volleyball? Even with small yards these things need to be considered when you are in the planning phase. Next, begin to look at views coming in to your yard as well as going out. Are there any great opportunities to enhance these views with landscaping? You may want to use landscaping or architectural elements to screen or enhance these views. Some other items to look at during this phase of the landscape plan are sun/shade patterns, existing grading (that is how much of a slope you have in your yard and what directions the ground slopes) and noise sources.

Developing a Sketch Plan

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Once you have taken an inventory and analysis the next step is to begin laying out the spaces that will be included in the landscape. This is where you can begin to get creative and use your imagination! On tracing paper with your base plan underneath, you can begin sketching out the spaces you want to include in to your landscape plan and how they will correspond with each other as well as how the landscaping will work with it. (You don’t have to know what every single plant’s characteristic is, but you do need to know some important items like size, shape and whether it is deciduous or evergreen. For blooming plants, knowing when they produce their blooms and how long they will last is good but not absolutely necessary.) Items to think about including here are a patio, deck, gazebo or pergola, vegetable or herb garden space, landscape bedding areas and turf. Also, identify locations for new trees and large shrubs. Trees can become the focal point of landscapes from which other landscape components relate to.

TIP: Make sure that you have some drafting supplies such as a scale, circle template and possibly a compass for any radial designs that you may have. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but it does need to be accurate. Some folks are evening using design programs like Google Sketch Up. It’s a very user friendly program and allows you to see what your landscape will look like before it is built.

Working Out The Details

Finally, deciding what materials you are going to use will be critical to how it will be experienced by you and your guests. At this point you will want to begin deciding on both hardscape and softscape materials, e.g. plant types, hardscape materials such as brick paver colors or lumber for decking and pergolas.

TIP: Adding some color to your landscape plan will help give you a good idea of how these materials will look together. Use colored pencils or markers to help or use a program like Google Sketch Up.

Visit your local stone yard, nursery and home improvement stores to get samples so you can a sense of how all of these materials will be used together as well as for your cost estimate. You can use your plan to estimate the total cost for the project. Now that you have a final plan, you can use it to estimate the total cost of the project. To get your square feet of areas, break down the areas in to small rectangles and squares, get the square feet for each portion and add them together. For plant material decide whether you want to go with larger gallons (5 gal. and up) or small (1-3 gal.). The price can vary a great deal and can make a big difference in the overall estimate.

One other component to include in to your plans is landscape lighting. Landscape lighting can enhance those landscape components that you spent time designing. There are many options out there from LED lighting, solar lighting to traditional incandescent lighting. Solar lighting is becoming more popular because of its ease of installation as well as the fact that costs very little to maintain. But there are some situations where you may need other types of lighting as well. On your landscape plan you can use a pencil to draw dots to locate where you would like to place your landscape lights. Think about what elements need up lighting, down lighting or spot lighting. Outdoor lighting can make a huge difference in how your spaces will feel to the guests.

This may seem like a big task but it really isn’t. Remember, it doesn’t have to be perfect. The more planning you do the closer you can get to the landscape of your dreams. Take the time to plan it out, you’ll be glad you did.

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